Candidate Celestial Body Reference Frames

Creation date: 2019-02-13 20:34:25 Update date: 2019-02-14 15:41:18

Policy: Expert Review

Authority: CCSDS.MOIMS.NAV

OID: 1.3.112.4.57.2


Contents

36 records in registry

Object Identifier

Label

1.3.112.4.57.2
Celestial Body Reference Frames

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Details Status Keyword Value Name Description And Reference Nomenclature Others Have Referred To This As Frame Type References OID

Details

Provisional

TRUE_ECLIPTIC

The true ecliptic system, evolving in time. The true ecliptic plane is defined as the rotation of the J2000 XY plane about the J2000 X axis by the true obliquity defined using FK5 IAU76 theory.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.34

Details

Provisional

ALIGN_EARTH

For the Earth system only, an inertial frame obtained by evaluating the Earth’s fixed (rotating) frame at some specified epoch, rather than evolving in time.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.2

Details

Provisional

B1950

For the Earth system only, these inertial axes are associated with the FK4 star catalog and its theory modeling the mean equator and mean equinox. The epoch is the beginning of the Besselian year 1950, corresponding to 31 Dec 1949 22:09:46.866 or JD 2433282.4234591. The B1950 axes are realized by a constant rotation offset from the J2000 axes, using a formula available from the Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.3

Details

Provisional

CIRS

Celestial Intermediate Reference System. Details in IERS TN32 5.11 and TN36 p. 47 and Vallado [Vallado, D., Seago, J., Seidelmann, P. (2006). Implementation Issues Surrounding the New IAU Reference Systems for Astrodynamics. 16th AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Conference]. Essentially the transformation for precession/nutation is based on the Celestial Intermediate Pole realized with the IAU2000A model rather than IAU1976/80.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.4

Details

Provisional

DTRFyyyy

The DTRFyyyy is the inertial realization of the ITRS computed at DGFI-TUM (Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut/Technische Universität München). Only two other VLBI centers compute these realizations, the others being IGN in Paris and JPL in Pasadena. The DTRF considering corrections for non-tidal atmospheric and hydrological loading, as of year “yyyy” (e.g. 2000).

e.g., DTRF2000

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.5

Details

Provisional

TOE_MOON

True of Epoch definition for the Moon. The Moon’s TrueOfDate system (TOD_MOON) evaluated at some specified epoch, rather than evolving over time. This frame does not rotate with respect to the ICRF frame.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.33

Details

Provisional

UVW_GO_INERTIAL

Launch go-inertial reference frame, with U in local horizon plane along inertial launch azimuth (downrange), W along the geodetic vertical and V completing the set (cross-range). In typical use the go-inertial epoch should be specified in an accompanying comment field.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.35

Details

Provisional

WGS84

WGS 84 is an Earth-centered, Earth-fixed terrestrial reference system and geodetic datum. WGS 84 is based on a consistent set of constants and model parameters that describe the Earth's size, shape, and gravity and geomagnetic fields. WGS 84 is the standard U.S. Department of Defense definition of a global reference system for geospatial information and is the reference system for the Global Positioning System (GPS). It is compatible with the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS).

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.36

Details

Provisional

ALIGN_CB

For all central bodies except Earth, where the central body shall be defined via an accompanying “CENTER_NAME”. An inertial frame obtained by evaluating the central body’s fixed (rotating) frame at some specified epoch, rather than evolving in time.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.1

Details

Provisional

FIXED_CB

The rotating fixed frame for all central bodies except Earth, where the central body shall be defined via an accompanying “CENTER_NAME”. The Fixed frame is the frame in which its topography is expressed. For gaseous planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune), the Fixed frame identifies the planet’s magnetic field instead. The Earth’s Moon realizes its Fixed frame (by default) as its Mean Earth frame; all other central bodies realize their Fixed frames using the transformational algorithm and parameters contained in Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements: 2009, B.A. Archinal et al., Celest. Mech Dyn Astr 109 (2), 101-135 (DOI: 10.1007/s10569-010-9320-4).

Body-Fixed

1.3.112.4.57.2.8

Details

Provisional

GCRFn

The Geocentric Celestial Reference Frame is the realization of the Geocentric Celestial Reference System per IERS conventions 2003 (IERS Technical Note TN-32, ICRF1) by McCarthy and Petit and 2010 conventions (TN-36, ICRF2) by Petit and Luzum. The underlying ICRS, from which the GCRF is derived, is periodically reevaluated. As such, each realization of the GCRF must be annotated (i.e., GCRFn, where the "n" character is an integer starting from 1). The GCRF is the standard inertial coordinate system for the Earth, with origin at the geocenter (i.e Earth’s center of mass location). The GCRF is the geocentric counterpart of the ICRF.

e.g., GCRF2

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.9

Details

Provisional

ICRFn

The International Celestial Reference Frame is the realization of the International Celestial Reference System per IERS conventions 2003 (IERS Technical Note TN-32, ICRF1) by McCarthy and Petit and IERS 2010 conventions (TN-36, ICRF2) by Petit and Luzum. ICRF is the standard Barycentric reference system. The ICRF is periodically reevaluated, such that each realization must be annotated (i.e., ICRFn, where the ‘n’ character is an integer starting from 1). The ICRF axes are defined as the inertial (i.e., kinematically non-rotating) axes associated with a general relativity frame centered at the solar system barycenter (often called the BCRF). The IAU (International Astronomical Union) is the authority for the definition of the ICRF. The ICRF frame is realized by the transformational algorithm between it and the Earth Fixed frame.
Note that the term ‘ICRF coordinate system’ is not restricted to the system whose origin is at the solar system barycenter--- rather, the term describes a coordinate system whose origin is determined from context (i.e., for a central body, its center of mass location) whose axes are aligned with the axes of the BCRF. In fact, the IAU uses the term GCRF to refer to the system with origin at the geocenter (i.e Earth’s center of mass location) with axes parallel to the BCRF. [Note that ‘aligned’ here refers to directions in Euclidean space – not in a curved space governed by general relativity.]

e.g.,
ICRF1
ICRF2
ICRF3

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.11

Details

Provisional

INERTIAL_CB

Inertial definition for all central bodies except the Moon, Sun and Earth, where the central body shall be defined via an accompanying “CENTER_NAME”. Each central body defines its own Inertial frame computed as a constant rotation from the ICRF frame. Inertial frames for both the Earth and Sun are defined as ICRF itself (i.e., no rotation) and an additional frame named Inertial is not defined. Due to potential vagaries in definition, the use of “Inertial_CB” is not recommended unless a more definitive frame is not available or applicable (i.e. ICRF2, J2000)

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.12

Details

Provisional

TEMEOFEPOCH

For the Earth system only, specifies the quasi-inertial True Equator Mean Equinox of epoch frame. Earth’s TEMEOfDate frame evaluated at some specified epoch rather than evolving in time. The frame does not rotate with respect to the J2000 frame.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.26

Details

Provisional

ITRFyyyy

The rotating Earth-fixed frame that is a realization of the ITRS through estimation of ground station coordinates from observation data. The ITRF is obtained by a transformation from ICRF which includes precession, nutation, and rotation effects, as well as pole wander and frame corrections. International Terrestrial Reference Frame solution as of year “yyyy” (e.g. 1993, 1997, 2000).

Realizations of the ITRS are produced by IERS under the name International Terrestrial Reference Frames (ITRF), which consist of lists of coordinates (and velocities) for a selection of IERS sites (tracking stations or related ground markers). Currently, ITRF-yyyy is published approximately annually by the IERS in the Technical Notes (cf. Boucher et al., 1996). The numbers (yyyy) following the designation "ITRF" specify the last year of data used in the formation of the frame. Hence ITRF1994 designates the frame of coordinates and velocities constructed in 1995 using all of the IERS data available through 1994. More recently, since 1993, other special realizations have been produced, such as solutions for IGS core stations (ITRF-Py series) (IGS, 1995).

Note that some coordinate systems are aligned with specific ITRF solutions (e.g., GLONASS PZ-90.11 agrees with ITRF2008).

e.g., ITRF2000

Body-Fixed

1.3.112.4.57.2.13

Details

Provisional

J2000A

The quasi-inertial frame Mean Equator and Mean Equinox of the J2000 epoch (JD 2451545.0 TDB which is 1 Jan 2000 12:00:00.000 TDB). The J2000 frame is the realization using the IAU 2000A by Mathews et al. (IERS TN 32 and 36).
Note that the term ‘J2000A coordinate system’ is not restricted to the system whose origin is at Earth’s center--- rather, the term describes a coordinate system whose origin is determined from context (i.e., for a central body, its center of mass location) whose axes are parallel to the axes of the J2000 system defined at the Earth.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.15

Details

Provisional

J2000_ECLIPTIC

The quasi-inertial frame mean ecliptic system evaluated at the J2000 epoch. The mean ecliptic plane is defined as the rotation of the J2000 XY plane about the J2000 X axis by the mean obliquity defined using FK5 IAU76 theory.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.16

Details

Provisional

MOD_CB

Mean of Date quasi-inertial frame definition for all central bodies except Earth and Moon, where the central body shall be defined via an accompanying “CENTER_NAME”. The same computation as TOD_CB except that when the Fixed frame Z axis is computed, any oscillatory terms in the formulas for the right ascension and declination are ignored.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.17

Details

Provisional

MOD_EARTH

Mean of Date quasi-inertial frame definition for the Earth. Mean Equator and Mean Equinox of date. The transformation between J2000 and MeanOfDate is computed using a sequence of Euler rotations. Rotation angles are computed using cubic polynomials of time past the J2000 epoch in JED according to the 1976 IAU Theory of Precession angles and rates, as found in the US Naval Observatory circular No. 163. The MeanOfDate Z axis is the Earth’s mean spin axis; the MeanOfDate X axis defines the mean vernal equinox

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.18

Details

Provisional

MOD_MOON

Mean of Date quasi-inertial frame definition for the Moon. The Z axis aligns with the IAU2003 Z axis, and the X axis aligns with the vector that is the cross product of the ICRF Z axis and the IAU2003 Z axis, evaluated at each given time. However, when computing the IAU2003 Z axis, the oscillatory terms are ignored.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.19

Details

Provisional

MOE_CB

Mean of Epoch quasi-inertial frame definition for all central bodies except Earth, where the central body shall be defined via an accompanying “CENTER_NAME”. The MeanOfDate system evaluated at some specified epoch, rather than evolving in time. This frame does not rotate with respect to the Inertial frame.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.20

Details

Provisional

MOE_EARTH

Mean of Epoch quasi-inertial frame definition for the Earth. The Earth’s MeanOfDate system evaluated at some specified epoch, rather than at each given time. This frame does not rotate with respect to the J2000 frame.

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.21

Details

Provisional

MOON_ME

Moon Mean Earth (ME) rotating frame. This is the preferred lunar frame for associating lunar topography. It is defined as a constant rotation from the Principal Axes frame associated with a particular instantiation of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Development Ephemeris (JPL/DE). Typically, the X axis pointed along the mean direction to the center of the Earth and the Z axis pointing to the mean direction of rotation. The ME frame is typically used to specify the location of objects on the Moon.

Body-Fixed

1.3.112.4.57.2.22

Details

Provisional

MOON_MEIAUE

Moon-Centered, Moon Mean Equator and IAU-Node of Epoch quasi-inertial frame as specified in [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Lunar Constants and Models Document,” JPL D-32296, 23 Sept 2005, Fig. 6-2].

Inertial

1.3.112.4.57.2.23

Details

Provisional

MOON_PAxxx

Moon Principal Axis (PA) rotating frame. This frame is aligned with the Moon’s principal inertia axes with the Z axis along the maximum inertia and the X axis along the minimum inertia. The PA frame is developed in conjunction with the development of the ephemerides for the Moon: hence, the frame depends on the source JPL DE file being used. The PAxxx frame is used as the basis for Lunar gravity models, in the numerical integration of the planetary ephemerides, and as the reference for modern moon gravity solutions. Euler angles supplied as part of the JPL DE planetary ephemerides relate the MOON_PA frame to ICRF. In this case, ‘xxx’ shall be confined to be existing JPL DE instantiations, such as PA403, PA421 and PA430 (with ‘xxx’ = 403, 421 and 430, respectively).

Body-Fixed

1.3.112.4.57.2.24